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This approach facilitates comparison of probability-based flood series with climate and human impact proxy records, to better constrain the factors that control extreme events, and to inform present and future flood-risk assessment.
Here we present a reconstruction of Holocene flooding events based on the meta-analysis of more than 2000 C and OSL dated flood units from twelve regions in Europe and North Africa, selected on the basis of availability of high quality chronological data on extreme fluvial events (Fig. The dated fluvial deposits comprise slackwater and boulder berm flood sediments representing individual palaeoflood events, as well as flood units from alluvial floodplain and flood basin environments that record, in some instances, single large floods and changes in the discharge-sediment load over multi-decadal periods.
A critical review of protocols for moss biomonitoring of atmospheric deposition: sampling and sample preparation. 2015 A revision of the genus Paracallisoma Chevreux, 1903 (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Scopelocheiridae: Paracallisominae) with a redescription of the type species of the genus Paracallisoma, the description of two new genera and two new species from the Atlantic Ocean. Radioecological data evaluated from recent international meetings in Japan: the 13th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements 12-16 July 2015 and the Fukushima COMET Workshop 18-19 July 2015. 2015 Influence of hydraulic retention time, sludge retention time, and ozonation on the removal of free and conjugated estrogens in Japanese activated sludge treatment plants [in special issue: Emerging pollutants in irrigation water: origins, fate, risks, and mitigation] . Sixth report to the power station and refinery operators. Monitoring of vegetation and bulk soil measurements at seven potentially vulnerable Natura 2000 sites in England and Wales and model-based analysis of the data.
2015 Mechanistic site-based emulation of a global ocean biogeochemical model (MEDUSA 1.0) for parametric analysis and calibration: an application of the Marine Model Optimization Testbed (Mar MOT 1.1). 2015 Airborne lidar for woodland habitat quality monitoring: exploring the significance of lidar data characteristics when modelling organism-habitat relationships [in special issue: Remote sensing and GIS for habitat quality monitoring] . Managing Impacts of Deep-se A resource exploitation (MIDAS): Clarion-Clipperton Zone North Eastern Area of Particular Environmental Interest.. Monitoring of acidifying and eutrophying deposition and ecological parameters at seven potentially vulnerable Natura 2000 sites in England and Wales.
Assessing the suitability of a method for the extraction and preservation of micro-organic pollutants in the field.
Millennial- and multi-centennial scale climate variability during the Holocene has been well documented, but its impact on the distribution and timing of extreme river floods has yet to be established.
Multi-centennial length phases of flooding in UK and central Europe correspond with periods of minimum solar irradiance, with a clear trend of increasing flood frequency over the last 1000 years.
Other regional correlations are: (i) UK with Germany, northeast Italy, and southern France; (ii) East European Plain with Germany, southern France and southern Italy; (iii) Tunisia with northeast Morocco and Iberian Peninsula; and (iv) eastern Mediterranean with East European Plain and Tunisia. There was also a marked decrease (almost no records) in major floods during the period 6500–5000 cal.
To assess climatic drivers of centennial and multi-centennial flood variability, the aggregate record has been divided into Mediterranean regions and northwest, central and eastern Europe (Fig. In the Mediterranean sector, the most widespread period of flooding occurred between 7500–7000 and at 2500–2000, with other minor phases centred at 4600, 3900, 3000, 1500, 900 and ca 300 cal. BP, followed by an increase in fluvial activity over the last 5000 years.
Although we cannot assume that these long-term record floods and flood patterns will be reproduced in the future, they do hold key knowledge to understand the effect of multi-decadal climate variability on extreme flooding at regional and global scales.
A major achievement in the last decade has been the development of meta-analysis for large databases of .